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How Geofencing Technology Is Helping In Smart City Developments

Every object on the surface of the Earth has a location. Geofencing technologies associate different attributes to the specific object and its location along with collecting data for the objects on the city map and enabling municipalities to make better or data-driven decisions. When it comes to urban planning and smart city developments, the role of Geofencing or geospatial technologies is quite significant. The majority of the smart city solutions or developments are based on geolocation data and technologies like IoT and AI only meet the expected outcomes if they operate in synchronization with the geolocation tech.

So how does Geofencing technology empower smart city developments? Before proceeding to the use cases let’s see how the cities are using the Geofencing technologies to become smarter.

Value of Geofencing for Smart Cities

Crime prevention, event management, real estate development, city marketing, optimizing energy use, traffic and transport management are some of the Geofencing implementations in smart cities. These innovations are positively impacting the lives of the citizen.

In smart cities, drones, autonomous vehicles and smart sensors all use location-based technologies to collect and manage the location data about the object. Moreover, indoor positioning systems (IPS) and digital twin technology are also enabled by location tech.

The combination of smart city analytics and city demographics with Geofencing technologies can help the city authorities and local businesses to accurately target their initiatives and plan as per the needs of the urban community. Geofencing is also helping in crime prevention and traffic flow management etc.

The above discussion indicates that Geofencing technologies hold the potential to completely empower the smart city developments, as without the location data, the municipalities can neither enhance the services they provide nor make the cities smarter.

Now let’s discuss some use cases of Geofencing technologies for smart city developments.




Use Cases of Geofencing for the Development of Smart City

1. Crime Prevention

The crime rate in the cities is increasing day by day, however, this problem can be catered easily with the help of technology. In different aspects, Geofencing technologies can be utilized for crime prevention. For instance, a geotagging feature of social media can be used to collect a plethora of data. The law enforcement authorities or police can use real-time social media location in order to track the use of keywords such as “fight”, “gun” and “shoot” etc. in a specific location. This helps the authorities to highlight the potential crime sites in the city and take appropriate actions. Another application of Geofencing in this regard is asset tracking. Geofence can be created around an asset such as a vehicle to monitor its location. Whenever the asset goes beyond Geofence then the associated system may generate an alert. This can prevent vehicle theft in the cities. Similar technology can be used to track the suspect who might run away after committing a crime.

2. Advanced Parking Management

The congestion on the roads of the big cities is continuously increasing and one of the main reasons behind it is vehicles cruising in search of a parking spot. In densely populated urban areas, the search for parking has become extremely challenging. However, this problem can be resolved by combining the IoT sensors with the Geofencing technology. Smart parking solutions or location services can extract the information about the available parking spot in nearby parking lots for the drivers. The system used in this regard superimposes the parking spots on the GIS mapping which ultimately gives the driver access to get real-time updates about parking spots and navigate their vehicles accordingly instead of driving around the roads in search of parking. This solution of advanced parking management helps in reducing traffic congestion on smart city routes. The systems like ParkSmart are also facilitating advanced parking management in big cities.

3. Disaster and Emergency Tracking

Cities encounter a lot of emergencies all the time and require immediate action. Advanced Geofencing intelligence anticipated by the 5G holds the potential to instantly respond to the emergencies taking place in a smart city. A location tracking system used by the authorities can immediately send automatic alerts whenever any unusual or potentially dangerous activity is tracked in the city. This helps the authorities to prepare and dispatch the emergency teams immediately. The same technology can be used to cater the emergency healthcare issues. For instance, the IoT wearable device can monitor the biomedical parameters of a person and can immediately alert the emergency services if the person is unwell or had an accident by transferring the real-time location of the person to the concerned authorities.

4. Advanced Urban Planning

Urban planning is the most important aspect of smart city development. The use of Geofencing technologies in smart cities is not limited to only providing geospatial data as this technology can also help the municipalities in creating future city layouts. GPS also has an important role to play in architectural development and making cities smarter. Geofencing and access to important location data and patterns can help engineers in designing residential areas and digital infrastructure models that will foster the more efficient use of city resources and infrastructure. Hence, with the help of geospatial technologies, the future cities will be developed as per thorough planning, unlike the modelling of current cities which is exposed to chaotic construction.

5. Traffic Management

Geofencing can also help in managing the traffic in smart cities. For instance, by using virtual parameters for an actual geographical location, Geofencing can help in applying digital traffic regulation to a particular area. By defining the geographical areas and associating rules to certain zones, Geofencing can also ensure that the autonomous vehicles are using the powertrain correctly, that too in the appropriate time and place as well as keeping the vehicles to the defined speed. By applying the Geofencing technique cities can ensure better traffic flow, create green zones, lower air and noise pollution, but most importantly, reduce traffic on the roads and make the public spaces safer to use.

6. People’s Safety

The developments in smart cities equate to public safety and security. In this regard, Geofencing technology is playing an important role in ensuring public safety. For instance, a smart Geofencing system can easily track elderly people and kids that might be wearing GPS bracelets. Parents, guardians or family members can create a geofence around a child, elderly person or a pet so whenever they move out of the designated area the system generates an alert. A similar system can easily be integrated with the citywide database and can help the communities in finding missing members. The families are also alerted immediately which ultimately increases the sense of security in the cities.


Smart city developments are more likely to increase in the upcoming years as the municipalities are focusing on making cities smart, secure and sustainable for the public to a greater extent. However, without using Geofencing technologies, the aims of the smart city developments cannot be achieved. This is because this technology is fueling the ways in which the location data can be used to make data-driven smart city decisions. From enabling parking solutions to securing the public, all innovative aspects can be achieved by using Geofencing technologies.